TESS Discovery of a Transiting Super-Earth in the pi Mensae System
Huang, Chelsea X.; Burt, Jennifer; Vanderburg, Andrew; Günther, Maximilian N.; Shporer, Avi; Dittmann, Jason A.; Winn, Joshua N.; Wittenmyer, Rob; Sha, Lizhou; Kane, Stephen R.; Ricker, George R.; Vanderspek, Roland K.; Latham, David W.; Seager, Sara; Jenkins, Jon M.; Caldwell, Douglas A.; Collins, Karen A.; Guerrero, Natalia; Smith, Jeffrey C.; Quinn, Samuel N. ; …
We report the detection of a transiting planet around π Men (HD 39091), using data from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). The solar-type host star is unusually bright (V = 5.7) and was already known to host a Jovian planet on a highly eccentric, 5.7 yr orbit. The newly discovered planet has a size of 2.04 ± 0.05 R ⊕ and an orbital period of 6.27 days. Radial-velocity data from the High-Accuracy Radial-velocity Planet Searcher and Anglo-Australian Telescope/University College London Echelle Spectrograph archives also displays a 6.27 day periodicity, confirming the existence of the planet and leading to a mass determination of 4.82 ± 0.85 M ⊕. The star’s proximity and brightness will facilitate further investigations, such as atmospheric spectroscopy, asteroseismology, the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect, astrometry, and direct imaging.