A Spatially Resolved au-scale Inner Disk around DM Tau
Kudo, Tomoyuki; Hashimoto, Jun; Muto, Takayuki; Liu, Hauyu Baobab; Dong, Ruobing; Hasegawa, Yasuhiro; Tsukagoshi, Takashi; Konishi, Mihoko
We present Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations of the dust continuum emission at 1.3 mm and 12CO J=2\to 1 line emission of the transitional disk around DM Tau. DM Tau’s disk is thought to possess a dust-free inner cavity inside a few au, from the absence of near-infrared excess on its spectral energy distribution (SED). Previous submillimeter observations were, however, unable to detect the cavity; instead, a dust ring ̃20 au in radius was seen. The excellent angular resolution achieved in the new ALMA observations, 43 × 31 mas, allows discovery of a 4 au radius inner dust ring, confirming previous SED modeling results. This inner ring is symmetric in continuum emission, but asymmetric in 12CO emission. The known (outer) dust ring at ̃20 au is recovered and shows azimuthal asymmetry with a strong-weak side contrast of ̃1.3. The gap between these two rings is depleted by a factor of ̃40 in dust emission relative to the outer ring. An extended outer dust disk is revealed, separated from the outer ring by another gap. The location of the inner ring is comparable to that of the main asteroid belt in the solar system. As a disk with a “proto-asteroid belt,” the DM Tau system offers valuable clues to disk evolution and planet formation in the terrestrial-planet-forming region.