Influence of general-relativity effects, dynamical tides, and collisions on planet-planet scattering close to the star
Marzari, F.; Nagasawa, M.
Context. Planet-planet (P-P) scattering is an efficient and robust dynamical mechanism for producing eccentric exoplanets. Coupled to tidal interactions with the central star, this phenomenon can also explain close-in giant planets on circularized and potentially misaligned orbits.
Aims: We explore scattering events occurring close to the star and test if they can reproduce the main features of the observed orbital distribution of giant exoplanets on tight orbits.
Methods: In our modeling we exploited a numerical integration code based on the Hermite algorithm and including the effects of general relativity, dynamical tides, and two-body collisions.
Results: We find that P-P scattering events occurring in systems with three giant planets initially moving on circular orbits close to their star produce a population of planets similar to that presently observed, including eccentric and misaligned close-in planets. The contribution of tides and general relativity is relevant in determining the final outcome of the chaotic phase.
Conclusions: Even if two-body collisions dominate the chaotic evolution of three planets in crossing orbits close to their star, the final distribution shows a significant number of planets on eccentric orbits. The highly misaligned close-in giant planets are instead produced by systems where the initial semimajor axis of the inner planet was around 0.2 au or beyond.